Mass/Energy and Information 6

            Modern scientific investigation was alwaysgoingto arrive at a point in timewhen it reached the inescapable recognition of the need for a Designing Intelligent Agent.

            The organized complexity of the information content now reveals scientifically an architectural and engineering Artisan of incomparable precision at the highest standards of craftsmanship. 

            This Artisan has complete mastery of the database of information to create everything material and non-material in existence in the universe, because He Himself created all of this information.

            Because the natural world was always this complexstarting at the Big Bang creation of the universe 13.7-billion years ago and the formation of our planet earth 4.5-billion years ago, this paradigm-changing epiphany was waiting all this time for human scientific discovery to catch-up. 

            The functional coherence of organized complexity now points to intelligent design as the only remaining plausible option. 

            Not everyone will become PhD scientists, able to navigate through the technical facts spanning several disciplines of research, now supporting design and thus agency in nature.  

            Not everyone has a college degree in philosophy, able to parse the subtle arguments for and against theism and atheism.

            Winning a consensus that favors design in today’s scientific and philosophical communities, thereby rejecting the atheistic version of materialism, would be without question a monumental event in human history.

            But the discovery by modern science of the inescapable presence of design in the natural world, based upon a fuller understanding and appreciation of information in this new Age of Information, and thus the existence of an intelligent designer God expands a million-fold when filtered through the biblical narrative stories of faith. 

            Making a compelling argument to the general populace that a faith-journey following the perfectly precise and accurate God of the Bible as the one true worldview narrative excluding all others (Mt. 7:13-14; Jn. 11:25, 14:6) is a bottom-line conclusion immerging from both science and Christian living today.

            As Abraham receives his calling in the city of Haran and travels south to Canaan, with each step he takes God is displacing the conventional life he would have otherwise lived in Haran with an extraordinary life-script Abraham could not have dreamed-up in his wildest imagination.

            Displacing our ways with His higher ways is boldly presumptuous and to borrow the British expression “cheeky” of the God of the Bible, to think He knows better than we do in this area of moral values and optimized destiny for human lives.

            But this is precisely what we see in the biblical narrative stories of faith, buttressed now by the modern-day discoveries that the Creator of the physical universe knows what He is doing beyond anything we previously could have imagined.

            This is where confidence in the Creator of the universe connects with confidence in the God of the Bible, who can compose life-scripts for believers today that have genuine purpose and meaning.

            The final end-point purpose of the scientific researchepiphany in nature of the existence of a Designing Agent, having the foresight to capably marshal all of the varied components needed to fashion this functional universe, can rightfully then make the logical connection to validate this same high competence of the God of the Bible in composing journeys of faith life-scripts.

            In my opinion, the timeless God of the Bible knew full well that Darwinian macroevolutionary theory would eventually fail, given further human scientific investigation.

            The exploration into the theory of evolution as the explanatory mechanism for the vast diversity of life was a worthwhile endeavor…it was a good try…it had to be fully investigated through human scientific discovery.

            From the perspective of Charles Darwin in 1859, the extrapolation from microevolution to macroevolution “had legs.”  It appeared to be able to take us somewhere as he pondered the variant traits being put-out as genetic mutations in the finches living on the 13 islands of the Galapagos Archipelago.

            But Darwin did not know about the hydrogen atom that has one and only one proton in its nucleus, which exhibits a well-defined essence that differentiates it from a helium atom that has two protons.

            There are no one-and-a-half protons as transitional intermediates between a hydrogen atom and a helium atom.

            All of the fundamental elements in the Periodic Table have a whole number of protons in their nucleus, without fractional intermediates.

            Certainly, the movements of plate tectonics that formed Mount Everest occurred over a long and gradual period of time.  But Mount Everest was always a mountain.  Mount Everest was never a river, a cloud in the sky, or a tree-forest.

            An elephant is not a giraffe.  A lion is not a cheetah.  A modern human is much different than a modern ape.

            Gradualism is not prolific in the natural world.

            Darwin’s finches are not in transition towards becoming something else.

            Darwin’s recognition of microevolution at the time was insightfully brilliant, but his theoretical extrapolation to macroevolution using genetic mutation and natural selection was in error because the database of facts he was working with was premature by at least 100 years. 

            The divinely timeless God of the Bible also knows that the worldview of materialism will also fail in the areas of science, philosophy, ethics, culture, and for many people in the court of public opinion.

            Modern science now or in the very near future will reach the point of the inescapable conclusion that our natural world has its origin and maintenance through an intelligent designing agent.

            Then our decision to reject God will not be based upon science, but based rather upon the more fundamental and timeless question of who is capably in-charge regarding the broad course and destiny of our lives…ourselves or God.

            This lifts Christian faith today in the living God of the Bible way above science in relative importance, turning on its head the modern materialistic idea that the factual empiricism of science takes precedence over biblical faith in God’s leadership knowledge and abilities, regarding the ultimate purpose and meaning in life now and for all eternity.

            Scientific investigation and the biblical narrative stories of faith exhibit the same high-quality of purpose-driven intensity in their search for truth, although they use different methods of research.

            These two different methods of research should not cloud the parallel commonality between science and biblically defined faith (Heb. 11:1; Prov. 3:5-6), which upon closer scrutiny reveals human nature at its highest and best[1], in the two complementary areas of the pursuit of factual knowledge and moral judgment.

Random and Undirected Serendipity Will Not Reach Function

            Finally, the entire edifice of Darwinism applied to biology is built upon a faulty foundation.

            Darwinism is bult upon the idea that chance over time will find truth, that random and undirected events will reach function.

            But the natural world is fixed, settled, and determinate, in that we study the laws of physics and chemistry in action and then modify our views to match reality.

            The natural world does not change to suit us.

            If the scientific method tells us anything, it tells us that the truth inherent in the natural world is there for us to discover and to the best of our abilities work with it to our benefit.

            But such things as the speed of light, the force of gravity, and the expansion rate of the universe are beyond our ability to change if we thought we could do better and improve upon them.

            If we could change the rotation speed of the earth, would a shorter or a longer day/night duration be more optimum than the 24-hour period now?

            Darwinism assumes an uncertain, not yet settled, unknown, and indeterminate reality in flux in the natural world, of progress moving slowly in a positive direction towards some future improved-upon function.

            But modern science in the 21st-century tells us plainly that the truth of the physics, chemistry, and mathematics of the physical universe were fixed and settled-upon early in the age of the universe.

            When we observe ever-increasing complexity in the architectural body-plans and lifestyle habits of living organisms over the vast geological history of the earth, there must be another explanation other than the indeterminate, random, and undirected causes theorized through Darwinian evolution.

            Otherwise, the truth underlying function in the natural world is thrown haphazardly up into the air and is governed by the serendipitous happenstance of blind chance.

            Genetic mutations generated by random chance, producing variant physical traits chosen through natural selection for enhanced survivability and reproduction, is the engine that drives Darwinian evolution.

            If science is the search for truth, then the indeterminate relativism of blind chance is emphatically not the reality we observe in the natural world.


[1] “How did we miss this?”  Podcast streamed live on You Tube interview “The Jesus Effect” of J. Warner Wallace on his book Person of Interest, published on Mike Winger, Dec. 20, 2021.

Mass/Energy and Information 5

            Moravec’s Paradox makes the insightful observation that because modern machines can perform complex calculations like finding the square-root of 3,492 in a spit-second, we naturally make the incorrect assumption that machines can also perform “simple” functions that a one-year-old child can do.

            A one-year-old child giggles and laughs when I play “peek-a-boo” by taking my hand away from covering my face and saying “peek-a-boo!” then putting back my hand to cover my smiling face.

            A young child instantly grasps the nature of this game.

            But this is many times more complex in the individual instructions that must be broken-down for a machine to duplicate this same child’s game…to even begin to approach a smiling face and cheerful voice that could elicit laughter from a child.

            The one-year-old sitting on the floor building a small tower using square wooden blocks is an activity that seemingly is so simple that a child can do it.  Yet for a machine this child’s play is many times more complex, requiring the computer code-language instructions that must be programmed into the machine involving the concepts of the recognition, grasping, positioning, balancing, and not knocking over the other blocks as the tower is built.

            Humans have roughly 100 different nerve cell-types[1], billions of neural networks, and trillions of neural network connections inside the limited cranial volume of the mind/brain.[2]

            If we theoretically attempt to manufacture an Agatha Christie machine robot that can artistically create bestselling murder mystery books, we would have to produce the same high-level independence of yes/no decision-making. 

            A human-like machine using artificial intelligence would have to be able to create the physical context for a child to correctly recognize that “peek-a-boo” is a humorous game, and equally difficult for an Agatha Christie machine robot to differentiate that some brilliant storyline plots create spellbinding suspense, but an infinite number of alternate, less brilliant plotlines do not.

Housing Construction and Debugging

            An interesting aspect that is part of the career of building construction that I worked in, is that houses are too large in size to be fully assembled in one central, factory location and then shipped to their individual building sites.

            This means that the debugging that can occur on the mass-production assembly-line during the initial trial-run phase, to get the manufacturing of each identical product assembled in the most efficient and cost-effective way, cannot be utilized in new housing construction because of this inhibiting factor of large size.

            Everyone knows in new building construction that the architects, engineers, and interior designers cannot invest the time to produce perfect design plans and still economically make a profit.  

            Every new building construction project, starting with the smallest size house (two-bedroom/two-bath), must individually debug the problems and mistakes onsite as they arise, that otherwise would be identified and corrected in-mass through upfront, initial trial-runs that are the normal process for identical products being manufactured in large numbers on mass-production assembly-lines.

            The key point here is that the issues and problems discovered as they arise unexpected during the various phases of the new housing construction, can beneficially be pushed backwards in time on mass-production assembly-lines to the highly condensed, upfront, trial-run phase…because the products can be shipped after they are fully assembled.

            This vital feature eliminates the respond-in-the-reactive-mode, daily occurrence in housing construction of “putting-out fires” as unexpected and unanticipated problems are unearthed as each new phase of the work materializes…which otherwise would be unacceptable on a daily basis in mass-production manufacturing.

            Extending this concept to the creation of the universe at the Big Bang, how difficult would it be to manufacture an essentially error-free physical universe without the benefit of a trial-run?

            The speed of light generated at the Big Bang has one optimum numerical value, but has an infinity of possible “no” choices that were deliberately rejected at time t=0.

            The force of gravity generated at the Big Bang has one very specific value that coordinates and integrates within an accompanying suite of other mathematical constants and values in the cosmos, with an infinity of possible “no” choices that appear to be deliberately rejected according to recognizable, upfront intention…again at time t=0.

            The expansion rate of the universe generated at the Big Bang has one fine-tuned value that enables other realities to compliment and coalesce into a universe that supports complex life like ourselves. 

            This expansion rate appears to have no conceivable trial-run debugging phase to achieve error-free function, popping-out at the Big Bang at time t=0.

            Murder mystery stories can go in enumerable directions, some of which produce timeless bestsellers and some that do not.

            Quantum mechanics now tells us that mathematics can be constrained upfront to limit the solutions coming out of a wave function to enable a universe like ours to pop-out of non-material mathematics into a physical world, at the first moments of the Big Bang.

            This requires a Mathematical Physicist in existence prior to the creation of time to put-in the required constraints into the quantum physics equation to actualize a functional universe like this one.[3]

            This moderating discretion of choice-making between function reveals “yes” options and “no” rejections that could otherwise have created a life-prohibitive universe.

            According now to the most recent science this intelligent choice-making had to be in existence before the Big Bang creation of space and time, putting-in the necessary constraints into the quantum mechanics of the mathematical wave-function equation even before there was such a physical reality of quantum mechanics.

            The limitations of large size imposed upon the pursuit of mistake-free efficiency in new housing construction reveals that the foresight of human designers to imagine final outcomes on paper that materialize into physical buildings, still lacks the quality of divinely timeless foresight that could eliminate upfront every crash and collision of building elements competing for the same space.

            These crashes and collisions are commonly resolved daily on every new mass-production assembly-line having the feature of an initial, trial-run debugging phase.


[1] On the Origin of Phyla—Interviews with Dr. James Valentine, by Access Research Network, published on Oct. 22, 2014, on You Tube.

[2] Moravec’s Paradox – Why are machines so smart, yet so dumb? On Up and Atom published July 8, 2019

[3] The Return of the God Hypothesis: Interview with Stephen Meyer with Dr. Sean McDowell, May 13, 2020 on You Tube.

Mass/Energy and Information 4

            Newly introduced organisms fit-in right away

            One theme put forward in these blogs is that the ever-increasing complexity that has produced the vast diversity of life-forms we see today, is always introducing living organisms that are at the perfected edge of specified refinement.  

            What is staring us in the face, when we look at biology, is the reality that human designed and manufactured products are always complete and functional at the forward edge of specified, refined completion for their intended use.

            Human agency universally produces functionally complete objects, from fully cooked, baked lasagna at our favorite Italian restaurant, to a bicycle that has two wheels, to a new automobile that has brakes, to computer software programs that are debugged and operational, and to completed murder mystery books that are spell-checked and edited for good grammar.

            We do not see in the vast diversity of life today any organisms that are in major transitional development part-way towards some future outcome going from barely functional to more functional to completely functional. 

            We presently do not see works-in-progress other than the things that have dynamic change as part of their defining nature, such as the formation of deltas where rivers meet the sea, the erosion of geography due to wind, rain, snow, and ice, the eventual shrinkage and cooling of our sun, and the continued expansion of the universe.

            We do not see dynamic change as the universally prolific paradigm of development in the natural living and non-living world.

            Applying Charles Lyell’s dictum of using the present to interpret the past in the historical sciences like geology, this present-day evidence then tells us that living organisms enter into existence with specified, refined maturity at the forward edge of their conceptual essence. 

            Living organisms enter into the world functionally complete enough to fit into their biodiverse and ecologically balanced niches, to be able to survive and to reproduce “right-out-of-the-box, no assembly tools required.”

            Modern science tells us that the proverbial watch we find on the beach that points towards the existence of a watchmaker, is not a quarter or half completed watch, but a fully completed watch at the end-point of its functionally defined essence.

            If the scientific fact-based evidence of embryonic development exhibits directional aim towards sustainable, fully mature function in living organisms at the molecular level, then this line of thinking is in direct contrast to the simple-to-complex ideology of random and undirected processes applied to biology.

            This is a key departure from the “nature makes no sudden leaps” concept proposed by Charles Darwin in 1859.

            The concept of blocks of different new cell-types introduced in grouped clusters enables immediate function in new architectural body-plans capable of integrating into the complexity of the current biodiversity and ecology of a particular era.

            This then harmonizes with the leaps of development from bi-pedal, upright walking pre-human ancestors 4 to 7-million years ago, to the near vertical spike upward of the human capacity from the first appearance of a letter alphabet in Egypt around 3,200 B.C. to humans walking on the moon in 1969.

            If the Darwinian concept that “nature makes no sudden leaps” is false, if the true reality is that development occurs at the mature end-points of function as the result of massive inputs of information at the molecular level inside living cells, then the current controversy over the clear absence of a gradual linear progression from pre-humans to modern humans is resolved.

            The differences between Australopithecus (4-7 million years ago), Homo habilis (2-million years ago), Homo erectus (1.8-million years ago), Cro-Magnon man (being early Homo sapiens 200,000 years ago), and modern humans can more plausibly be explained by the additions of new blocks of cell-types in clusters, to produce improved development and function.

            This then resolves the ideological rift between naturalistic materialism and intelligent design currently being debated within the realms of philosophy, theology, and science.

            This is discussed more fully in the chapter Human Development and Evolution

            I see the transitional leaps of early life at 3.8-billion years ago from the single-cell bacteria to multi-cellular algae floating on top of the oceans, to the Precambrian jellyfish having 10 to 12 new and different cell-types, to the radiation of new creatures with architectural body-plans having 30 to 40 different cell-types during the Cambrian Explosion at 535-million years ago…as increasing complexity throughout geologic history to our present day.

            This is always occurring at the guided and directed level of putting-out functionally mature organisms able to adapt and survive at the first moments of their introduction, factoring-in the genetic mutations that also over time put-out beneficial variant traits to be chosen by natural selection to enhance adaptation to changing environments.

            This non-Darwinian thinking encompasses large jumps of development tied to the introduction of a coordinated ensemble of new cell-types to achieve immediate function. 

            These large jumps of development arise from the abstract informational concepts of living organisms into their actualized material expression, altogether bypassing transitional, trial-and-error intermediates. 

            This is empirically the fact-based evidence in the fossil record and what we observe today in the natural world.[1]

            This non-Darwinian approach requires the intentionalrelease of well-timed, physical expressions of information that consistently produce fully functional living organisms. 

            These strategically released inputs of information come from within living cells that could not plausibly be explained through an accidental, trial-and-error, small-step progression over long stretches of time that would be easily detectable as on-going today to molecular biochemists.

            We see in this present “miracle” of information in living cells the use of material molecular mechanisms to build and accurately position the different cell types in architectural body-plans to create such diverse organisms as hawks, spiders, sea crabs, whales, wolves, and humans. 

            We see the same quality of actualized information that produces the distinctive architectural body-plan of the African bull elephant and the instinctual lifestyle habit of its intimidating full-speed charge. 

            If all of the artistic, creative information resides in the living cell, if all of the work takes place molecularly to produce functional living organisms before they make their grand entrance onto the stage of the living world, this then reduces the Darwinian model of mutation/selection to the more limited minor role of pre-engineered, microevolutionary variability adaptable to changing environments.

            It is inconceivable that Agatha Christie would sit in front of her typewriter or laptop computer and randomly hit the keys with her eyes closed and her mind on other things, hoping through a trial-and-error, accidental process that she could produce complex and highly specified information arranged in the form of a classic murder mystery who-done-it story.   

            It is inconceivable that the complex and highly specified information we find being coordinated and integrated inside living cells towards functional end-point outcomes could be the product of mindless and undirected processes.

            Darwin’s initial extrapolation in 1859 from microevolution to macroevolution in his book The Origin of Species as an explanation for the vast diversity of life on earth, is no longer plausible in this new Age of Information because incremental, trial-and-error gradualism as the means to produce complex and specified systems of information does not work.[2]

            The physical universe requires a timeless creator.

            Darwin’s fundamental condition that nature makes no sudden leaps locks his theory into the materialistic dynamic of change over time, which no longer works when applied to the complexity we find in the living world.

            But a timeless, Spirit-Being God can input the new information or turn-on a gene regulatory network switch to release 5, 10, or 20 new and different cell-types together to produce new architectural body-plans in time t=0.

            This can be represented by a “width-less”[3] vertical line on the two-dimensional x/y-graph of change (vertical axis) over time (horizontal axis) over the course of geological history.

            We do not have a PBS documentary, video recording of Agatha Christie composing her murder mystery book And Then There Was None.

            I never personally met Agatha Christie.  For all I know, she could be a divinely timeless God who produces her books in a split-second, or she could be a normal human being taking 6-months to write each book.  The physical, end-result product today would look the same either way.

            Common descent in biology can be true without utilizing Darwin’s model of small, incrementally progressive steps fueled by random and accidental serendipity.

            Common descent can simply have another and better explanation, being a divinely timeless God inputting massive infusions of information at various points in time, represented by “width-less” vertical lines on the two-dimensional x/y-graph, these lines having zero-time durations.

            For a brilliant and up-to-date, 35-minute refutation of Darwinian evolution see Gunter Bechly Explains What The Fossil Evidence Really Says, hosted by Discovery Science, published November 23, 2021 on You Tube.

            This is how true science operates.  New, more correct information surfaces to clarify or replace earlier theoretical hypotheses with better explanatory hypotheses.

            Science can be roughly defined as the elimination of possibilities.  Scientific investigation has dispelled “old-wives” tales, magic, superstition, and wild speculation regarding the causes of phenomena in the natural world.

            These are some of the key questions in our current modern age, as Christian faith and the investigative field of science begin to coalesce from different angles to reach some final answers.


[1] Fossil Discontinuities: Refutation of Darwinism & Confirmation of Intelligent Design—Gunter Bechly, published Oct. 11, 2018 on You Tube by FOCLOnline.

[2] Michael Denton, Evolution: A Theory in Crisis (Chevy Chase: Adler & Adler, 1985), 308-325. 

[3] See on the Internet Moravec’s Paradox – Why are machines so smart, yet so dumb? On Up and Atom published July 8, 2019, and The Essence of Calculus, sections one and two, describing change over time and the concept of limits, in 3Blue 1 Brown.

Mass/Energy and Information 3

            The present is the key to understanding the past.

               The great geologist Charles Lyell in the 1820’s provided the general methodology for doing research in what are now called the historical sciences.  This involves making reasonably accurate inferences about the past by studying what occurs in the natural world today. 

            Times past are not accessible to direct observation except from photographs, audio recordings, motion pictures, and by peering into deep outer space through a telescope of past events that occurred millions or billions of years ago in the distant universe.

            The present-day understanding of molecular biochemistry is due in large part to the unraveling of DNA through the ten-year long Human Genome Project.

            Complimentary advancements in computers and computer programs over this same period now enable biochemists to study in living cells what are called developmental gene regulatory networks (DGRNs). 

            These DGRNs, along with other epigenetic factors (factors other than DNA) instruct the molecular machines inside cells to assemble different cell-types and then tells them specifically where to go in the developing embryos of tens of millions of living species. 

This then produces such diverse organisms as elephants, lions, hawks, the common housefly, and human beings.

            The material properties of the typewriter keys, the ink ribbon, and the sheets of paper that translate the abstract creative storytelling from the mind of the book writer into the physical medium of paper and ink, is an easily understood reality today. 

This is closely analogous to the translating of the abstract creative information from the genetic code in DNA into the material flesh-and-bones of living organisms.

            Scientists correctly study the material mechanics of the processes taking place inside living cells. 

            Using Charles Lyell’s methodology for the historical sciences, we can now make reasonably accurate inferences going back in time regarding the increasing complexity of life-forms on earth following the gradually linear addition of differing new cell-types. 

            These new and different cell-types support increasingly more complex architectural body-plans[1].

            But in the same way that the physics and chemistry of how ink bonds to paper will not explain the inspired artistic creation of the fictional murder mystery story itself, a complete understanding of the nanotechnology occurring within living cells will not explain the creation of the material parts of flesh-and-bones coordinating together into the functional coherence of an architectural body-plan.

            Understanding the material mechanics of the molecular nanotechnology in the cell will not explain the adult instinctual lifestyle habits of a charging African bull elephant chasing lions away from a watering hole.

            Developmental gene regulatory networks and epigenetic factors now tell us how different cell-types are constructed on-schedule and in the proper sequence from the DNA code, and then sent-off to their specific xyz-coordinate locations in their unique body-plans, during embryonic development. 

            But there is also another source of information that matches flesh and bones with extremely fine-tuned lifestyle habits. 

This other information specifies for successful function within differing past geological eras, within the interrelated biodiversity of predator/prey relationships, and within the unimaginable complexity of diverse ecosystems. 

This might be compared to the sophisticated blend of physical reactions and mental acuities to be able to safely navigate driving an automobile on the freeways of Southern California.

            Like Charles Lyell’s program of studying the present to understand the past in geology, we now today have a large part of the understanding of the molecular biochemical processes in living organisms that can be extrapolated back in time to help unravel the mystery of how we arrived at the vast diversity of life today.

            During a particular season every year in Africa functional baby elephants are born.  This is just one amongst enumerable examples of the present-day life-forms we can scientifically study, working backwards through the embryonic development phase to chromosomes, DNA, and physical traits.

            In other words, science today has an enormous sample-size of finished products in the form of ten-million living species types to study. 

            This allows molecular biochemists to work in reverse through the complex architectural body-plans and lifestyle habits of mature functioning organisms, to be able to track the progressive trajectory of the initial genetic information contained in the paired chromosomes of the male and female parents from developing embryo to mature adulthood.

            In plain language, we know that the material mechanisms in operation inside living cells can take abstract creative information and translate it into actual organisms that can grow, survive, and reproduce, because we see these varied and diverse life-forms all around us in live-action.

            The challenge since Darwin in the scientific field of biology is to figure-out how this all works.

            But the worldview of scientific materialism that attempts to reduce the charge of a full-grown African bull elephant to its flesh and bones material parts is as illogically nonsensical as saying that the book And Then There Were None can write itself.

            The reality of the universe is too rich to be the product of purely materialistic causations.

            Science cannot exclude agency and still attempt to reach full explanation. 

            Mass/energy is not a sensible substitution for agency in the creation of information.  The creative origin of information cannot be reduced by narrow ideology to material mass/energy causations alone.

            One of the themes of this book is that no matter where the current research in the field of molecular biochemistry finally lands in terms of a more complete understanding of the material mechanismsin living cells, the complexity of these molecular systems has already left the mindless and undirected program of naturalistic materialism miles behind.

            Intelligent agency is required at the front-end to furnish the complex and specified information needed inside living cells to produce over time the vast diversity of material life we see in the natural world. 

            This information is also required to produce the abstract and intangible end-point functions that differentiate between the instinctual lifestyle habits of an elephant, lion, leopard, cheetah, zebra, wildebeest, water buffalo, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, and giraffe…to name some of the large mammals in Africa.

            This is similar to the distinct and discrete information expressed through differing literary genres.

            Returning to Agatha Christie producing purely abstract information at the front-end of the story-writing process, this creative information then morphs through the required transitional phase of the material mediums of ink, paper, and the finished print form into a physical book. 

            But then this same information expresses itself to the book reader as again the creative storyline of the murder mystery that Agatha Christie purposely intended, as the intelligent designing agent.

            One contention made by Christian theists today is that the God of the Bible introduced all of the material mass/energy and the non-material laws of physics, chemistry, and mathematics in the first split-seconds of the creation of the universe at the Big Bang. 

            The creativity behind the incredible functionality of the force of gravity, the speed of light, and the expansion rate of the universe…to my thinking is also therefore capable of inputting all of the genetic information, the assembly instructions, and the timetable schedules of unfolding complexity released inside living cells, to produce the remarkable material mechanisms now being studied by molecular biochemists.

            I need to say here at the outset of this book that I am not a theistic evolutionist, and I am not a deist.  I am an old-earth, day/age creationist. 

            Having worked in building construction as a career, I am skeptical of complex things falling into place on their own. 

            This would then especially apply to living organisms that must be up-and-running with operational function in-place within the narrow demands of ecological and biodiverse niches, entering into life in the “fast-lane” at the leading-edge of their well-defined essences just to be able to grow to adulthood, survive, and to reproduce.

            To my thinking, the informational package within living cells beginning 3.8-billion years ago has the preprogrammed agenda to pump-out increasing complexity starting with the single-cell bacteria, by adding new and different blocks of cell-types in grouped clusters over time, to support new and innovative architectural body-plans.

            But the addition of new and different blocks of cell-types in grouped clusters to produce incremental steps of mature function, cannot occur through Darwinian macroevolution, but requires a designing agent possessing targeted foresight.


[1] On the Origin of Phyla—Interviews with Dr. James Valentine, by Access Research Network, published on Oct. 22, 2014, on You Tube.

Mass/Energy and Information 2

            Science has revealed that information transcends above the material medium.

            The actual writing of a new murder mystery novel changes character as Agatha Christie puts her ideas down on paper, making the fundamental transition from the abstract and intangible nature of informational ideas to the physical materials of paper and ink. 

            The interesting observation here is that the letters, words, punctuation marks, spaces, paragraphs, and book chapters could be on any subject.  It could be a murder mystery, foreign-agent suspense thriller, romantic comedy, historical biography, or a cookbook filled with recipes.

            The mediums of the ink and paper, the ones and zeros of the laptop computer word-processing code, and the English language are entirely indifferent and neutral as to the genre category of the information being presented.

            The material medium does not dictate or guide the outcome, but is merely the means for expression.

            But then another interesting transition takes place. 

After the murder mystery novel is completed and enters the published book phase, physical print copies now sit on shelves in bookstores waiting for someone like me to see it in its material form, buy it, and take it home to read.

            Then another amazing thing happens. 

            I open up the physical book and begin to read the text in the form of letters arranged as words and sentences in the English language, and the information that Agatha Christie created has passed through the material medium of ink on paper to become once again information that is the engrossing murder mystery that keeps me up reading late into the night, the who-done-it story And Then There Were None.    

            Without hitting this nail on the head too many times, this recognition of the fundamental essence of creative information in literary fiction writing has huge implications for a more accurate and up-to-date scientific understanding of the causal mechanisms behind the phenomena in the natural world.

            The non-material nature of information should tell both professional scientists and laymen like me that a purely materialistic worldview of the universe, absent the input of creative agency, is unnecessarily and illogically limited. 

            The organized complexity of the system of information that comprises a murder mystery story is not the same thing as that same story in physical print form in a book I can hold in my hands.

            The abstract and intangible creative thought behind the murder mystery story is not the same as the hands and fingers of Agatha Christie physically typing-out the story day-by-day using the materials of ink and paper.

            This seems to me to be a workable analogy to the material universe we study through science, and the abstract, non-material information this research reveals.

            Agatha Christie could just as easily tell her murder mystery story verbally to a small group sitting around a camp-fire, maybe over the course of two or three nights, in a shorter abbreviated and abridged version.

            Scientifically studying how our throats and mouths form the individual sounds of the words of human speech, how these sounds are carried as sound-waves across the distance of seemingly empty space to another person, and how our ears instantly translate these words/sounds into intelligible information within our minds is simply another material medium for passing along information.

            This scientific, fact-based information understood today in terms of the hard physics and chemistry of speech, sound, and hearing will still not explain the creative mental ingenuity that can invent a new suspense-filled murder mystery story from scratch out-of-nothing.  

            Telling the story verbally merely uses the mediums of speech, sound-waves, and hearing instead of paper and ink.

            But the distinctive thought-process is still the same mystery. 

            Its origin still has no material explanation in terms of the basic question of where does information come from in the first-place.

            Information by definition is abstract and non-material.  Mass/energy by contrast is physical and material.  

            Information and intelligent agency go together.

            Mass/energy is incapable of creating information, because mass/energy does not possess the ability to think.

            The worldview of scientific materialism is illogically limited because it attempts to tell modern audiences that And Then There Was None typed itself.  Scientific materialism illogically postulates that it did not need the intelligent agent Agatha Christie as the dynamic explanation of its origin.

            The independent yes/no feature of targeted brilliance has to come from somewhere other than material causations.

            This is ingeniously and concisely summarized in the question posed by some modern physicists in this Age ofInformation: Is the universe it before bit, or bit before it?[1]

            In this question, it is material in the form of mass/energy.  Bit is non-material in the form of the “bits” of ones and zeroes comprising the information in computer software language code.

            Did mass/energy come first before information, or did information come first followed by mass-energy?

            Did Agatha Christie conceive of her murder mystery book in her mind before it became typed words and sentences?

            That some combination of material objects like a typewriter, laptop computer, paper, and ink could create a murder mystery book on their own…without a mind…is inconceivable.

            The narrative can be spun to seemingly support the notion that the functionality of the mind/brain can be reduced to its material parts.

            But the transcendent feature of the independence that can navigate through the innumerable “yes” choices and “no” rejections to reach the end-point outcomes of specified function, argues compellingly that the sophisticated complexity of the thought-processes of the human mind/brain exists above the material mediums of quarks, atoms, and neural network connections alone.


[1] John Lennox: Socrates in the City in Labastide, France Part 1, published Jan. 12, 2018 on You Tube.

Mass/Energy and Information 1

            When a famous author like Agatha Christie sat down at her typewriter, or today at a laptop computer, and began to write a classic murder mystery novel such as And Then There Were None, the initial creative inspiration inside her mind was abstract, non-material, and in the form of being information only.

            Over the course of the writing of this fictional novel the creative mental process remained informational and not physical. 

We know that Agatha Christie did not have to commit real murders as part of the research protocol to inspire the story as it progressed chapter-by-chapter.

            The human faculty of creative imagination alone was sufficient to craft the story.

            But possibly the deepest, currently unresolved mystery in the universe is that as Agatha Christie composes each one of her books, she is adding new information that never existed anywhere before.

            The creative literary mind is not pumping-out the same story over and over again like a repetitive machine.

            The human mind/brain is not a mass-production, manufacturing assembly-line limited to replicating the same identical product in large numbers…like the automobile I drive.

            The imaginative capacity to write And Then There Were None, and Murder on The Orient Express, in each case is adding a novel product that did not previously exist.

            Here lies one of the basic questions to ponder regarding our existence in this physical universe, of whether our human minds/brains are explainable through purely materialistic causations, or are they instead the product of a superior Mind/Being having unlimited mental boundaries similar to our own capacity for creative invention.

            By discovering complex, highly specified, and coherently integrated[1] systems of information everywhere we look in the natural living and non-living world, modern science has placed this question of the origin of information front-and-center in our search for purpose and meaning in the universe.

            One of the fundamental tenets of Charles Darwin’s theory of evolution is that “nature makes no sudden leaps.”

            But in this new Age of Information, modern science now tells us the exact opposite.

            Nature makes sudden and clear-cut leaps forward everywhere and in everything, through the timely introduction of new and previously non-existent, grouped packages of functionally complete information.

            Prior to the immergence of dinosaurs millions of years ago, the concept of a dinosaur did not previously exist.

            Prior to the immergence of life on earth roughly dated 3.8-billion years ago, the concept of a single-cell bacteria did not previously exist.

            Prior to the Big Bang creation of this universe 13.7 billion years ago, at least according to the current empirical evidence at-hand, the concept of a universe did not previously exist.

            Prior to the writing of the storyline plot of And Then There Were None, this information did not previously exist anywhere…not even in the mind of Agatha Christie until it immerged chapter-by-chapter in its final and completed form.

            Certainly, the creative inspiration for the writing of a fictional story must at least partially correspond somewhere to the trillions of neural network connections inside the mind/brain.

            So, I think it is fair to say that given more time, better computers and software programs, and brilliant investigative techniques, that modern science will someday pinpoint the location in the human mind/brain where a Chopin Etude, a Shakespeare play, or a murder mystery novel comes from.

            But the brilliance of the scientific method of research into the workings of the phenomena in the natural world confuses description with explanation,[2] which cannot be bridged through the investigative techniques of hard, “bench” science alone.

            Description and explanation are not the same.

            Modern science can now describe how at the Big Bang, gamma rays collide to form matter and anti-matter, and how in the first three minutes of the universe hydrogen, helium, and lithium were created…and not the rest of the elements of the Periodic Table which came later.[3] 

            But science cannot provide the deeper explanation of what is a universe and why it originated in this way.

            Science can describe how the microscopic molecular machinery inside living cells produces proteins that then build new and different cell-types, that then construct the architectural body-plans of living organisms.

            But science cannot explain the deeper question of where did all of these architectural body-plan designs and their instinctual lifestyle habits come from in the first-place.

            Science cannot explain the fundamental, chicken-and-egg dilemma of how it is that proteins are required to produce DNA, yet DNA is required to build proteins.

            This would appear to require the need for an outside arbitrator managing the required inputs of information.

            I sense that the frontier of the human mind/brain is even more complex than the coordinated functionality of the microscopic machinery inside the living cell, because the mind/brain exhibits the inexplicable freedom of creative thought.

            The human mind/brain displays the non-deterministic feature of independent decision-making that differentiates choices between a near infinity of “yes” options and “no” rejections to achieve the sweet-spots of functional outcomes.

            This independent decision-making is evident at the beginning of the universe in the complex sets of conditions that can form hydrogen, helium, and lithium…but not oxygen and carbon until a later point in time.

            This decision-making process moderates between a myriad of binary yes/no choices in the creation of the shape and function of my body, of the well-defined essence of a rose flower, and of the singular capacity of Agatha Christie to write a best-selling murder mystery book.

            The existence of this reality of independent, yes/no thought-processes integral within the structural framework of the physical universe, displays deliberate intention indivisible from the perceived function of the final end-product.

            In my opinion, as science progresses in this 21st-century the term scientific materialism is approaching or has already reached the point of becoming an oxymoron.

            The commendable research methodology of scientific materialism in the late 20th and early 21st-centuries has run head-on into a purpose-driven universe, always trending towards function.

            The organized complexity of the information content at the Big Bang, at the origin of life, in the double-helix DNA strand, in the molecular machinery inside the living cell, in the delicate balance between biodiversity and ecosystems, and in the human capacity for intellectual and moral reasoning…this purpose-driven intentionality towards well-defined end-points does not match-up with the concept of a mindless and indifferent Mother Nature.

            Trial-and-error, experimental progression using small, incremental steps no longer matches the reality in the natural living and non-living world, which instead exhibits organized complexity functioning in fully mature, completed states everywhere we investigate.


[1] A term coined by William A. Dembski in Intelligent Design: The Bridge Between Science & Theology (Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1999).

[2] John Lennox: Socrates in the City in Labastide, France Parts 1 and 2, published Jan. 12 and 23, 2018 on You Tube.

[3] “The Origin of the Elements” by Jefferson Lab, Nov. 20, 2012 with Dr. Edward Murphy, University of Virginia.

The Cambrian Explosion…and the Abraham Explosion 2

            The sudden appearance of the highly sophisticated and complex information contained in the life-script of Abraham, created the novel and innovative concept of God displacing our plans with His higher ways and thinkingthrough a life-script inserted into our lives. 

            This can accurately be called the Abraham Explosion in relation to the similar occurrence 535-million years ago in the natural world during the Cambrian Explosion.

            These two events are similar in that they represent a top-down, actualized manifestation of complex information having functional coherence[1] coming suddenly into existence in a moment of time without evolutionary, gradual progression.

            An Abraham Explosion could not occur in a past geological era, because human beings are the only known living organisms that possess the capacity for intellectual and moral reasoning.

            A key outcome of a journey of faith following God for Old Testament Jews of faith and for New Testament Christians in the early church and today, is that we are supposed to be able to look back in reflection at some point in time about the course and direction of our lives. 

            We should be able to say in hindsight: “God knew what He was doing in guiding and directing my life, better than I could possibly have known about or orchestrated on my own.  He led me through a narrow path that was right and correct, in a way I could not have foreseen or anticipated ahead of time.”

            This concept is categorically different from human fiction-writing.

            The suspense-filled story endings for Jack Ryan, Jason Bourne, Jack Reacher, James Bond, Tom Sawyer, Elizabeth Bennett, and even for Sidney Carton in Charles Dickens A Tale of Two Cities are that they knew what they were doing, that theyresolved their particular conflict through human ingenuity, persistence, technology, and the application of their unique talents or their unique positions at the time.

            The Bible is the only work of literature in all of history that has stories with endings that resolve with the realization that God knew and knows what He is doing.

            Through the recent discovery in this new Age of Information, that the natural world is filled with complex, specified, and coherently integrated systems of information, this now clearly exhibits the realization that the Intelligent Designer of the natural world, knew and knows what He is doing.

            In creating living organisms and non-living material things, God displays skill far and away above anything that we can manufacture.

            This now makes the leap from science to theology that closes the gap between science and biblical-quality faith, a hypothetical gap that should never have been fabricated.

            We now understand both in the natural world through science and in the composition of the biblical narrative stories of faith the modern fact-based evidence that God correctly knows what He is doing in everything.

            God is a bridge that we can safely cross from the concrete material realities of the natural world to the abstract thought of precisely how human beings created in the image of God, can best conduct our lives at the peak of intellectual and moral reasoning.

            The connecting of the dots between the natural world, and the biblical narrative stories of faith, both equally display the brilliance of God.

            This dovetails with the idea that after living a journey of faith within our God-composed life-script, after the pattern given in the biblical narrative stories of faith, we can look back in hindsight and conclude that God knew what He was doing. 

            God knew what He was doing long before our own personal story-endings bring to light the foresight of God, having set us early and punctually on-time upon a course that made our life-scripts beneficial to ourselves and to others, having well-defined purpose, meaning, dignity, and worth.

            That God’s ways and thoughts are higher than ours, now connects beautifully and seamlessly with the entirely secular field of science, which turns-out after closer inspection, to not be secular and faith-free at all.

            The key point, the central tenet in the biblical narrative stories of faith is that God displaces our ways with Hishigher ways for the highest, noblest, and most unselfishly love-filled reasons. 

            God composes life-scripts for us that we can willingly enter into through the narrow gate of faith, precisely because He alone possesses the best ways of doing things at the peak and the pinnacle of perfect precision.

            Today’s Christians should no longer be suspicious of science.  The truth of the existence of complex, specified, and coherently integrated systems of information in the natural world, now eliminates the plausibility of naturalistic explanations for the origin and operation of the phenomena in the living and non-living natural world.

            This provides our modern culture with a sharp U-turn to the pre-Darwin period where belief and unbelief were balanced between moral, metaphysical decisions…unweighted by atheistic materialism falsely claiming the support of science on its side.


[1] Undeniable: How Biology Confirms Our Intuition That Life is Designed (with Dr. Douglas Axe), published Nov. 26, 2016 by Apologetics Academy on You Tube.

The Cambrian Explosion…and the Abraham Explosion 1

            In the Cambrian Explosion of 535-million years ago the genetic information that went into the formulation of the new and varied body-plans of complex creatures appearing suddenly in the fossil record, requires explanation.

            The fossil record reveals no transitional, trial-and-error intermediates found in the Precambrian rock layers below the Cambrian geological strata. 

            These missing intermediates would otherwise provide a continuous linkage of incrementally developing life-forms leading-up gradually and seamlessly into this Cambrian Period date of 535-million years ago.

            If in existence they would essentially remove the perplexing phenomenon of this being a sudden and isolated event, of being an abrupt explosion of new life-forms exhibiting newly actualized genetic information at a very specific and definite point in time.

            The Cambrian Explosion is undisputed, universally accepted, scientific fact-based evidence acknowledged by professional paleontologists, biologists, microbiologists, and biochemists around the world.

            If we are a biblical creationist, we can see this new appearance of genetic information and its accompanying physical characteristics in life-forms, as a top-down arrangement of information and body-plan architecture, producing fully functional living organisms in a very brief span of geological time “right out of the box” with no assembly tools required.

            Biblical creationists see the infusion of new genetic information at the Cambrian Explosion as an extension of the same brilliantly creative and ordered input of information that brought the universe into being at the Big Bang in a split-second moment of time around 13.7-billion years ago, and that started complex life going on earth about 3.8-billion years ago.

            These are two events that required unimaginable quantities and qualities of coordinated information to produce the organized complexity, beauty, and functionality we observe in the natural world.  

            One thing that must be included in this discussion is the need for a complimentary level of biodiversity to be in-place to support a new system of living organisms coming into existence, which can be termed as prior fitness.[1]

            This would include the varied lifestyle habits of the many predator/prey relationships, along with the functional coherence of the surrounding ecosystems. 

            This is an integration and coordination of complementary realities that when viewed as a whole, stretches beyond credulity the belief that all of this came into being through materialistic causation, through the self-assembling properties of matter and energy alone.

            Solve the question of the sudden appearance of new genetic information in action in the introduction of new architectural body-plans and lifestyle habits springing into life during the Cambrian Explosion, and only a fraction of the total ensemble of interacting realities has been explained.

            For example, in the 1930’s wolves were unwisely exterminated from Yellowstone National Park in the state of Wyoming, being the prime predator within the biodiversity of a fine-tuned natural ecosystem.

            Without wolves, elk became over-populated, that then over-grazed the vegetation and created serious erosion problems. 

            But equally problematic, coyotes then became the new highest-ranking predator, preying mostly on small rodents, which is also the prey of hawks and owls.  These majestic birds of prey drastically reduced in numbers until wolves were reintroduced into Yellowstone decades later, reinstating biodiversity and ecological balance back to the park.[2]

            In the Cambrian Explosion, we not only need to explain the origin of the genetic information that gave rise to this varied group of suddenly immerging new creatures, but also their coordinated lifestyle environment of biodiversity, and the prior fitness set-up within equally complex ecosystems, all requiring information on a quantifiably unimaginable scale.

            If we are a scientific materialist, we must interpret the new appearance of genetic information and its accompanying life-forms during the Cambrian Explosion as a bottom-up arrangement of information. 

            This viewpoint endorses the introduction of novel genetic information building-up in gradual steps sequenced over time in the preceding Precambrian Period over several hundred million years, slowly progressing in the positive direction from the simple to the complex.

            This hypothesized, bottom-up arrangement from the simple to the complex, is currently theorized to be achieved through malleable, developmental gene regulatory network molecules that have the flexible capacity to build-up and store the required body-plan information over the long span of the Precambrian time-period. 

            This genetic information is released by these regulatory networks that are “re-wired” at the Precambrian/Cambrian boundary.  This creates the varied and complex life-forms we see radiate-out in the Cambrian Explosion.[3]

            The developmental gene regulatory networks (DGRN’s) instruct the different cell-types where to position themselves during embryonic development, to perform their particular functions as bones, muscles, tendons, and organs, for example.

            DGRN’s are the molecular control circuits that guide cells in living organisms during the embryonic development phase to reach the end-point, body-plan architectures of becoming a Trilobite, Wiwaxia, Hallucigenia, Opabinia, Marrella, Anomolocaris, and several other creature types, in the Cambrian Period.  

            DGRN’s and other epigenetic factors perform this same function today in crafting unique, differentiated, and discontinuous architectural body-plans in the ten-million different living species on earth.

            The current theory being researched of the possible flexibility of DGRN’s proposes that this body-plan information was latent and hidden at the molecular level, ready and waiting to produce the new physical characteristics in life-forms rapidly emerging suddenly at the Cambrian Explosion. 

            For millions of years this genetic information was building-up in successive phases inside living cells, being visually undetectable in the simpler life-forms prior to the Cambrian Period, all through purely naturalistic processes.

            At this present time, neither theists nor atheists can point to empirical scientific evidence that supports a materialistic or a creationist explanation for the origin of the vast amount of highly specified, genetic information required to get complex life going to initiate the start of single-cell, self-replicating, living bacteria cells on earth around 3.8-billion years ago.

            Origin of life research has been stuck roughly in the same place for sixty-plus years now[4] ever since Watson and Crick discovered the doubled-stranded DNA molecule in 1953, and its enormously complex and highly specified code of approximately 3.5-billion bits of information (1957), spelled-out using a four-letter chemical alphabet. 

            This is the longest single word in existence, which has been called the language of life.

            The fundamental question facing theists and atheists regarding the explanation of the Cambrian Explosion is how full function could be reached at the start of life…of existence…in a widely varied group of complex organisms that require a minimum of coordinated and integrated parts.

            This requires sophisticated programs of information that exhibit functional coherence that must be simultaneously up-and-running at a very high plateau for new life to survive and replicate itself.

            The organized complexity of the dynamics of gene regulatory networks interacting with DNA and the protein driven molecular machines inside living cells, to produce new and different cell-types, their unique locations inside living organisms, and their specific functions to perform in coordination with other cell-types…already makes the compelling case for the existence of intelligent agency.

            For the biblical creationist, this dilemma is brilliantly sketched-out in the book Darwin’s Black Box (1996) by Michael Behe in the concept he coined as irreducible complexity, that every complex thing has to have a minimum of its parts in-place to produce a well-defined functional essence…whether a skateboard, tennis racket, hair brush, or a full-grown African elephant.


[1] Michael Denton: The Miracle of the Cell, published Oct. 28, 2020 by Discovery Science, on You Tube.

[2] Helene Grimaud: Living With Wolves, 2002 podcast on You Tube.

[3] Stephen Meyer & Charles Marshall: Darwin’s Doubt, debate hosted by Premier Radio, Nov. 30, 2013 on You Tube

[4] James Tour: The Mystery of the Origin of Life, published Mar. 18, 2019 by Discovery Science, on You Tube. 

Debugging Before, During, and After Completed Assembly

            Even though the mechanical and robotics engineers, production assembly-line experts, and project engineers may have designed several automobile manufacturing assembly-lines in the past, new innovations in the automobile require additional changes in new assembly-lines.

            Such things as power steering, anti-lock brakes, fuel injection, engines placed in the rear-end of the car, GPS screens built into the dashboard, hands-off backwards steering for parallel parking, Bluetooth© telephone systems, openable sun-roofs, hybrid gas-and-electric fueling, all-electric cars, and a number of other innovations…add new features to be considered and analyzed in terms of the debugging of the mass-production assembly-lines to manufacture new models of automobiles.

            Genetic mutations in living plants and animals, defined as random accidental mistakes (manufacturing assembly-line bugs) being put-out as variant traits to be chosen or rejected by natural selection, is the hallmark, common ancestry feature ofDarwinism, the essence of the theory of macroevolution. 

            But as covered briefly in the essay Are Science and God in Conflict, Dr. Michael J. Behe has written a book entitled Darwin Devolves[1] in which he discusses the recent discoveries in molecular biochemistry that now more accurately describe the mutation/selection processes in biology. 

            Thanks to the recent progress made in gene mapping, scientists can now identify the genetic mutations on the DNA strand and track these specifically to the beneficial traits they put-out to be chosen by natural selection. 

            This explains the variations in finch birds on the Galapagos Islands that Darwin observed in the 1830’s, being innovative variations that do not extend farther than the two lowest taxonomic categories of genus and species.

            This evidence from molecular biochemistry now limits Darwinian evolution to devolution.

            This is an extremely important finding that demonstrates at the gene molecular level of specifically how each living organism puts-out variant traits to better adapt to different ecological environments.

            This scientific discovery that Darwinian evolution is in actuality a process of devolution, shows-up the fallibility of mankind in our original perceptions and assessments. 

            At the same time, it reveals the unimaginable brilliance of design in the creation of the natural world which compellingly argues for the existence of an Intelligent Agent God.

            The sun appears phenomenally to go around the earth, and human intellect can take credit for eventually finding the right answer with Copernicus, Galileo, and Newton, that the earth spins as it rotates around the sun. 

This gives the true explanation for the appearance that the sun is going around the earth, from the vantage point of someone standing upon the earth watching as the sun hourly travels across the sky from east to west.

            The stars in the night sky appear to be unmoving, the universe giving all indication of being static and therefore intuitively eternal and unchanging.

            “In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth” (Gen. 1:1) was confirmed by the discovery of the Big Bang creation of the universe at a moment in time about 13.7-billion years ago. 

            The reality of a Big Bang beginning of the universe that existed from the first moments of creation was waiting for science and technology to invent new telescopes large enough to peer deep into outer space.  This produced the empirical evidence to overturn the conventional wisdom of a static and unchanging universe, which was wrongly based upon phenomenal appearances.

            Since Darwin, the controversial but growing consensus in biology was that genetic mutations could go in a positive direction, accumulating over time to form the creative masterpieces of winged flight, the eyesight of a night owl, the running speed of a cheetah, the bi-pedal upright walking of human beings, human speech, the singing of birds, and human intellectual and moral reasoning.

            Prior to this new Age of Information, it was assumed that genetic mutation and natural selection must have the creative power to sustain the ever-growing proliferation of the vast diversity of life we now see in the natural world.

            Like the incorrect orbital arrangement of the planets in our solar system started by Aristotle through the phenomenal observation of the apparent movement of the sun, and like the appearance of the static and unchanging nature of the universe based upon looking up at the stars of the night sky, Charles Darwin created the momentum of the macroevolutionary thinking of major innovative change over time in biology.

            This produced a blind-spot to the entirely counterintuitive idea that intelligent agency could intentionally build into the manufacturing assembly-line process of life a small number of “bugs” brilliantly designed to produce a limited amount of beneficial variation.  These bugs facilitate adaptability within species through the actual “breakage” or degrading of existing genes.

            Until the very recent time that science and technology could empirically question the Darwinian orthodoxy that beneficial mutations were entirely random, I do not believe that anyone including theists anticipated this new development coming from the field of molecular biochemistry.

            The idea that the mutation/selection process was not a result of mindless and undirected processes based upon the phenomenal, observed output of beneficial traits, but counterintuitively could intentionally have been the built-in product of intelligent agency…was a concept that escaped everyone.

            Previously stuck for decades in the theoretical paradigm of Darwinian macroevolution of always progressing incrementally forward from the simple to the complex, this new concept of devolution of how genes could be broken in order to put-out beneficial mutations…is engaging scientific researchers to this day. 

            Intelligently designing-in “breaks” in the DNA, of damaged genes randomly placed throughout a population of organisms to produce the in-built variation in the finches that could then adapt and survive on the varied islands of the Galapagos Archipelago…is novel ingenuity “squared.”

            It runs entirely counter to the mass-production assembly-line trial-runs to debug the process of the manufacture of numerous identical products.

            Human manufacturing of identical repetitive products attempts to identify and remove bugs through trial-runs, but it now appears that cells intentionally use broken and degraded genes to produce beneficially adaptive variant traits, the opposite of what we might expect.

            This goes back to the lessons-learned over the course of the Scientific Revolution thatwe have to dig deeper beyond obvious phenomenal appearances to discover the real truth about things.

            This reveals a Creator God in the Bible that has set-up the natural world in such a way as to provide not only an orderly and intelligible environment to scientifically investigate, but also our innate capacity to be able to conduct science in an effort to find real and genuine truth, no matter how phenomenally counterintuitive things initially appear going in.

             That modern scientific investigation could discover at the molecular level that genetic mutations are the cause of the beneficial physical variation within species, as a result of the breakage and loss of information on the DNA double-helix strand of genetic code, is mind-boggling to contemplate.    

            This discovery takes macroevolution off-the-board as a viable player, as a purely materialistic explanation for the origin and diversity of life.

            This elevates a true reality that has always been there in the natural world, the existence of an Intelligent Agent God who created a world of reality that often requires digging deep to find real truth.

“And ye shall seek me, and find me, when ye shall search for me with all your heart.”                                                   (Jer. 29:13)

            Mother Nature could never take the proactive debugging of mass-production, manufacturing assembly-lines and morph this into beneficial genetic mutations chosen by natural selection to better facilitate adaptation.

            Here is where the modern industrial manufacturing idea of debugging before, during, and after the assembly of products on mass-production assembly-lines inside large factories sets-up the backstory context for understanding the counterintuitive quality of the recent discovery in molecular biochemistry…that evolution is actually a process of devolution.  


[1] Michael J. Behe, Darwin Devolves (New York: Harper Collins, 2019).

Timeless Foresight Needs Explaining 2

            Biblical-quality journeys of faith need the environment of time.

            The biblical narrative stories of faith simply cannot happen if people possess timeless foresight.

            God created time without the feature of divinely timeless foresight to enable people to enter into a personal relationship with God that actualizes through highly specified events and circumstances spread-out over time, having dimensional length.

            This would otherwise not be possible within the split-second durations of timeless foresight being dimensionless.

            Hebrews 11:1 in the New Testament defines biblical faith: “Now faith is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen.”

            God’s personal participation adds the two missing ingredients of timeless foresight and absolute goodness into the life-scripts He writes for the biblical narrative stories of faith, and for walks of faith for today’s Spirit-led Christians. 

            This helps explain the meaning of Hebrews 11:6.

”But without faith it is impossible to please him: for he that cometh to God must believe that he is, and that he is a rewarder of them that diligently seek him.”

            This incredible feature of time purposely lacking foresight and foreknowledge tells us something vital about the real Christian life. 

            It tells us that God crafted time in such a way as to enable human beings to enter into the new covenant relationship with God the Creator of the universe, of every believer knowing God from the least to the greatest (Jer. 31:31-34).

            Finally, to round-out this discussion of timeless foresight, in the biblical record God does not have three potential back-up people lined-up to fulfill the role of Abraham to be the “father of faith,” should Abraham falter. 

            God does not have a Plan B and a Plan C person to step-in should Abraham fail in his difficult and challenging calling.

            Like the heads and tails of line-segments of an illustrated flow-chart schedule of activities having definite milestone dates, the uncertainty of trial-and-error entering into the sequence of activities in the biblical narrative stories of faith starting with Abraham to Joseph to Moses to Joshua to the Israelites in Canaan, cannot allow for any additional time to accommodate for being “behind schedule.”

            God possesses the timeless foresight to know in advance that each person of faith will succeed and fulfill their calling “on time.”

            Otherwise, the incarnation of Jesus Christ might have to occur in the 2nd, 3rd, or 4th century A.D., which is nonsensical.

            Like the living organisms that enter into existence having architectural body-plans and lifestyle habits that functionally fit into their unique geological eras of biodiverse and ecological environments, the architectural body-plan and lifestyle habits of the life-script for Jesus Christ must enter into existence in first-century Israel.

            The milestone dates in the biblical narrative stories of faith come and go on-time and on-schedule because God possesses divinely timeless foresight.

            This is the direct opposite of the random serendipity of trial-and-error, Darwinian evolution.

            Well-defined and highly specified purposes predominate in the short durations of human lives starting and finishing on-time in the Bible.

            This head-to-tail sequence of activities on a strict timeline schedule, not allowing for the uncertainty of trial-and-error evolution, is also consistent with the Cambrian Explosion of new animal types starting around 535 million years ago. 

            Fully formed, complex organisms appear suddenly in the fossil record with no lead-up precursors.  No transitional intermediates are found in the Precambrian rock strata that would explain the immergence of the many new architectural body-plans in an instant of geological time in the early Cambrian Period.

            This is why the fossil record over geological time exhibits new, fully-developed organisms entering suddenly, persisting mostly unchanged for a period of time called stasis, then disappearing out of the fossil record through extinction.

            The biblical narrative stories of faith are complex, specified, coherently integrated, and time-sensitive, because unguided, accidental, trial-and-error life-scripts are too serendipitous to achieve the mission-plans of God. 

            They are potentially too time-consuming if left to chance happenstance.

            The biblical narrative stories of faith are a tightly interwoven and connected series of life-scripts that do not allow for the introduction of unwanted trial-and-error wrong turns and course-corrections in their storylines, in the time-consuming reactive mode of evolutionary, progressive development.

            But the through-line theme of redemptive salvation enabling research programs into the knowledge of good and evil, is too worldly unconventional to be the product of human invented, fictional mythology.

            The biblical people of faith do not completely fall apart and fail, part-way in time into the course of their faith-journeys, requiring God to enlist new people to take their place.

            This is one more compelling piece of evidence for the divine inspiration of the Bible, of God-composed journey of faith life-scripts that could not be the product of human literary invention.

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