Typology and Increasing complexity in biology are not in conflict.
Blocks of new and different cell-types in clustered groups, each assembled genetically in the arrangement and folding of amino acids to build proteins using the blueprint information in DNA, reaffirms and maintains the typological worldview prevalent before Darwin.
The ideological difficulties that appeared inexplicable in 1859 to Darwin, inherent in individual creation, over the advances of the past 160-plus years in science, now disappear.
These difficulties disappear through the character and quality of the complex, specified, and coherently integrated systems of information absolutely everywhere we look in the natural living and non-living world.
If God exists as the Creator of the universe, then there is no ideological dichotomy between the supernatural and the natural.
Because of the explosion of information about our natural environment available today, the difficulties in explaining the causations of the phenomena in nature, have from 1859 to 2022 switched from arguing against intelligent agency to arguing for intelligent agency.
The issue of the fixity of species disappears today when the concept of nature makes no sudden leaps, in support of amaterialistic worldview, is jettisoned overboard.
As a Christian, I admit to being a vitalist, but not in the manner of ascribing biological development to undefined, occult-like inner forces.
Empirical, fact-based information is not occult.
Information that defines the architectural body-plans and lifestyle habits of elephants according to their genetic make-up…as to type…is as factually evidential as the mechanical engineering of an automobile.
The mystery involved in DNA or mechanical engineering is no longer the mechanics, but the origin of the structured organized complexity that produces end-point fit and function.
Where does the ability to design an automobile using mechanical engineering come from?
The complex, specified, and coherently integrated character of information is the mysterious underlying force, that used to be pre-Darwin vitalism.
But this underlying database of information is now so complex and interwoven that it has passed-up the agency-free, research methodology of scientific materialism.
A multitude of forms makes perfect sense if blocks of new and different cell-types in groups of 10 or 20, are manufactured in the cell using DNA and developmental gene regulatory networks, then released by Intelligent Agency within width-less durations of zero time to produce functionally mature organisms ready to enter into existence into biodiverse ecosystems.
This is the diametric opposite of gradual biological development using the method of blind trial-and-error over vast periods of time.
Goldschmidt’s hopeful monster made no sense because it was stuck within the paradigm of scientific materialism.
Replace this mindset of naturalistic materialism with intelligent designing agency, enabling saltation-like inputs of genetic information in blocks of grouped clusters to produce the common descent of end-point fit and function along the expanse of geological history, absent the need to find non-existent transitional intermediates, and many of the great mysteries in biology are resolved.
For Darwin the choice of the skeletal explanatory framework of atheism is what was defective in his theory of biological evolution.
Typology works beautifully in this alternate program of blocks of cell-types coordinated in clustered groups, because the essence of each type of living organism is always introduced at its completed and functional iteration.
The continuity of common descent, the fixity of species, change over time, and the vast diversity of life on earth, no longer makes sense within Darwinian evolution, but now makes sense only within the worldview of admitting an intelligent designing agent.